Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Posted: July 12th, 2023

Scenario:”45-year-old woman presents with chief complaint of 3-day duration

Scenario:”45-year-old woman presents with chief complaint of 3-day duration of shortness of breath, cough with thick green sputum production, and fevers. The patient has history of COPD with chronic cough but states the cough has gotten much worse and is interfering with her sleep. Sputum is thicker and harder for her to expectorate. CXR reveals flattened diaphragm and increased AP diameter. Auscultation demonstrates hyper resonance and coarse rales and rhonchi throughout all lung fields.”
The Assignment
In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the following.
• The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result in the patient presenting these symptoms.
• Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.
• How these processes interact to affect the patient.

In this case study, the patient is a 45-year-old woman presenting with symptoms of shortness of breath, cough with thick green sputum production, and fevers. The patient has a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with chronic cough, but her symptoms have worsened recently. The physical examination findings include flattened diaphragm and increased anteroposterior (AP) diameter on chest X-ray, as well as hyperresonance and coarse rales and rhonchi throughout all lung fields on auscultation.

Cardiovascular and Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiologic Processes:
The symptoms and physical examination findings in this case suggest a combination of cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes.
a) COPD Exacerbation: The patient’s history of COPD and chronic cough indicate an underlying chronic lung disease. The worsening cough, increased sputum production, and difficulty in expectoration suggest an exacerbation of COPD. COPD is characterized by chronic inflammation, airflow limitation, and air trapping in the lungs. Inflammation leads to the destruction of lung tissue and narrowing of the airways, resulting in airflow limitation and impaired gas exchange. Exacerbations can be triggered by infections or other factors, leading to increased symptoms such as cough, sputum production, and shortness of breath.

b) Pulmonary Infection: The presence of fevers, increased sputum production with thick green sputum, and coarse rales and rhonchi on auscultation indicate a pulmonary infection. In this case, the infection is likely bacterial due to the color and consistency of the sputum. The infection could have resulted from bacterial colonization of the airways due to impaired mucociliary clearance and compromised immune defenses in patients with COPD.

c) Hyperinflation and Air Trapping: The flattened diaphragm and increased AP diameter observed on the chest X-ray suggest hyperinflation and air trapping. In COPD, the narrowing of the airways, combined with loss of lung elasticity, leads to difficulty in exhaling air fully. This results in the trapping of air in the lungs, leading to hyperinflation and an increased AP diameter.

Racial/Ethnic Variables:
There are certain racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning and contribute to the development and progression of COPD.
a) Genetic Factors: Genetic variations have been identified that may influence susceptibility to COPD and the severity of the disease. For example, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, a genetic disorder, increases the risk of developing COPD, particularly in individuals of European descent.

b) Environmental Exposures: Racial/ethnic disparities can exist in terms of exposure to environmental factors that contribute to the development of COPD. For instance, certain occupational exposures, such as mining or working in factories with high levels of air pollutants, may disproportionately affect specific racial or ethnic groups.

c) Healthcare Disparities: Access to healthcare services and quality of care can vary among different racial and ethnic groups. These disparities can impact disease management, adherence to treatment, and overall health outcomes in patients with COPD.

Interaction of Processes:
In this case, the underlying COPD likely predisposed the patient to a pulmonary infection. The chronic inflammation and structural changes in the airways associated with COPD make individuals more susceptible to infections. The infection, in turn, exacerbates the underlying COPD, leading to worsening symptoms such as increased sputum production, shortness of breath, and cough. The hyperinflation and air trapping seen on the chest X-ray further contribute to the patient’s symptoms, making it harder for her to breathe and expectorate the sputum.
The combined effects of COPD, pulmonary infection, and the resulting hyperinflation and air trapping create a vicious cycle. The infection worsens the COPD, leading to increased symptoms and impaired lung function. The impaired lung function, in turn, makes the patient more susceptible to further infections. This interaction between cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary processes perpetuates the cycle of exacerbations and worsening respiratory symptoms.

It is important to note that each patient’s case may have unique variables and considerations, and a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional is necessary for accurate diagnosis and management.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Homework Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Why choose us?

Every student wants the best grades and that’s our Focus

Top Essay Writers

We carefully choose the most exceptional writers to become part of our team, each with specialized knowledge in particular subject areas and a background in academic research writing.

Affordable Prices

Our service prioritizes recruiting the most talented writers at an affordable cost. We facilitate the lowest possible pricing without compromising the quality of our services. Our costs are student friendly and competitive in comparison to other writing services in the industry.

100% Plagiarism-Free

The service guarantees that our final work is 100% original and plagiarism-free, ensuring this through a thorough scan of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before releasing it to be delivered to our valued customers.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with Nursing Assignment Answers, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.