Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Posted: July 12th, 2023

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Neuropathy

Select one condition from the list below and discuss:
1. The pathophysiology of the condition.
2. Common physical exam and diagnostic findings.
3. An evidence-based treatment plan to include nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic management, patient education, and plan, including appropriate referrals, for follow-up to assess the efficacy and outcomes of the evidence-based treatment plan.
4. The impact that your selected disorder has on the risk for falls, fall-prevention strategies specific to your selected topic, and the annual healthcare finance expenditures relevant to the disorder in the US as well as to the impact this disorder has on the older person’s personal financial status and expenditures.
List of conditions: syncope, dizziness, diabetic neuropathy, presbycusis, or cataracts

I will discuss diabetic neuropathy and address the points you mentioned.

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Neuropathy:
Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that occurs in individuals with diabetes mellitus. It is primarily caused by prolonged exposure to high blood glucose levels. The exact pathophysiology of diabetic neuropathy is complex and not fully understood, but it is believed to involve several mechanisms. Chronic hyperglycemia leads to the accumulation of sorbitol and advanced glycation end products, causing oxidative stress and damage to nerve fibers. Additionally, microvascular abnormalities and impaired blood flow to the nerves contribute to nerve damage. Autoimmune responses, inflammation, and genetic factors may also play a role in the development of diabetic neuropathy.

Common Physical Exam and Diagnostic Findings:
Physical examination findings in diabetic neuropathy vary depending on the type and distribution of nerve damage. Common findings include loss of sensation or altered sensation (numbness, tingling, or pain) in the extremities, particularly the feet and lower legs. There may be decreased or absent reflexes, muscle weakness, and changes in skin texture and color. Diagnostic tests for diabetic neuropathy may include nerve conduction studies, electromyography, quantitative sensory testing, and skin biopsy to evaluate nerve function and damage.

Treatment Plan for Diabetic Neuropathy:
The treatment of diabetic neuropathy aims to alleviate symptoms, slow the progression of nerve damage, and prevent complications. An evidence-based treatment plan may include both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions, patient education, and a follow-up plan.

Nonpharmacologic management:

Glycemic control: Maintaining optimal blood glucose levels through diet, exercise, and medication.
Foot care: Regular foot examinations, proper foot hygiene, and wearing appropriate footwear to prevent foot complications.
Pain management: Techniques such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), physical therapy, and occupational therapy.
Lifestyle modifications: Smoking cessation, weight management, and regular exercise to improve overall health.
Pharmacologic management:

Analgesics: Over-the-counter pain relievers (e.g., acetaminophen) or prescription medications (e.g., gabapentin, pregabalin, duloxetine) for pain management.
Topical treatments: Capsaicin creams or lidocaine patches to alleviate localized neuropathic pain.
Antidepressants: Tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline, nortriptyline) or selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (e.g., venlafaxine, duloxetine) for pain relief and management of associated symptoms.
Anticonvulsants: Medications like gabapentin or pregabalin, which can help control neuropathic pain.
Other medications: Depending on the specific symptoms and complications, other medications like opioid analgesics or anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed.
Patient education and follow-up plan:
Patients should be educated about proper foot care, glycemic control, pain management strategies, and the importance of adhering to the prescribed treatment plan. Regular follow-up visits with healthcare providers are crucial to assess the efficacy of the treatment plan, monitor symptoms, adjust medications if necessary, and address any concerns or complications.

Patients with diabetic neuropathy may be referred to specialists such as neurologists, pain management specialists, physical therapists, or podiatrists for further evaluation, specialized interventions, and comprehensive care.

Impact on Falls Risk, Fall-Prevention Strategies, and Healthcare Finance:
Diabetic neuropathy can significantly increase the risk of falls in affected individuals. Nerve damage leads to impaired sensation, proprioception, and muscle weakness, making it more challenging to maintain balance and coordination. Fall-prevention strategies specific to diabetic neuropathy include:
Regular foot inspections to identify any ulcers, injuries, or changes in foot health.
Wearing appropriate footwear that provides support and protection.
Using assistive devices like canes or walkers, if necessary.
Engaging in exercises that improve strength, balance, and flexibility.
Maintaining a safe home environment, free from hazards that may contribute to falls.
The financial impact of diabetic neuropathy on healthcare expenditures in the US is significant. According to the American Diabetes Association, the total annual cost of diagnosed diabetes in the United States in 2017 was estimated to be $327 billion. A portion of this cost is attributed to the treatment and management of diabetic neuropathy. Additionally, individuals with diabetic neuropathy may experience increased healthcare expenses due to frequent medical visits, medications, specialized treatments, and potential complications such as foot ulcers or infections.

Furthermore, the personal financial status and expenditures of individuals with diabetic neuropathy can be affected. Medical expenses related to managing the condition, including medications, doctor visits, and specialized care, can impose a financial burden. Additionally, if the neuropathy affects an individual’s ability to work or perform daily activities, it may result in loss of income or increased expenses related to assistance or accommodations.

It’s important to note that the financial impact can vary based on factors such as insurance coverage, access to healthcare, socioeconomic status, and individual circumstances.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Homework Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Why choose us?

Every student wants the best grades and that’s our Focus

Top Essay Writers

We carefully choose the most exceptional writers to become part of our team, each with specialized knowledge in particular subject areas and a background in academic research writing.

Affordable Prices

Our service prioritizes recruiting the most talented writers at an affordable cost. We facilitate the lowest possible pricing without compromising the quality of our services. Our costs are student friendly and competitive in comparison to other writing services in the industry.

100% Plagiarism-Free

The service guarantees that our final work is 100% original and plagiarism-free, ensuring this through a thorough scan of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before releasing it to be delivered to our valued customers.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with Nursing Assignment Answers, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.