Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Posted: September 6th, 2023

Developmental Stages and Mental Health Vulnerabilities

Developmental stages
Knowledge and application of developmental theory constitutes a foundational component of the PMHNP role. You will need to expand your knowledge of theories for professional practice. This week you will choose an attachment, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, or biological developmental theory.

For this discussion forum, using your chosen theory, identify what happens as individuals move through developmental stages. Address the following in your initial post:

How can interruptions in the achievement of developmental stages affect an individual?
According to your theory, identify the developmental vulnerabilities that could precipitate mental health symptoms.

Developmental Stages and Mental Health Vulnerabilities
Developmental theory provides a framework for understanding human growth and behavior across the lifespan. Interruptions or delays in achieving expected developmental milestones can negatively impact an individual’s mental health and psychosocial functioning. This paper will explore how disruptions in developmental stages may manifest as vulnerabilities based on Attachment Theory.
Attachment Theory and Developmental Stages
Originally proposed by John Bowlby and further developed by Mary Ainsworth, Attachment Theory posits that the bond formed between infant and caregiver in the early years shapes socioemotional development and interpersonal relationships (Ainsworth et al., 2015). Through interactions with available and responsive caregivers, infants develop internal working models or expectations about themselves and others that carry forward (Bretherton, 1992).
The primary stages in attachment development include pre-attachment (birth to 6 weeks), attachment-in-the-making (6 weeks to 6 months), clear-cut attachment (6-8 months), and goal-corrected partnership (3-4 years) (Cassidy & Shaver, 2016). Disruptions during these critical periods, such as inconsistent caregiving, neglect, abuse or separation, can interfere with the child’s ability to form a secure attachment style.
Developmental Vulnerabilities
According to Attachment Theory, interruptions in the early attachment relationship may manifest as vulnerabilities in three main areas:
Difficulties with Trust and Intimacy
Infants who do not develop a sense of trust in the availability and sensitivity of caregivers may struggle to form close relationships as adults (Mikulincer & Shaver, 2016). They may exhibit an anxious-ambivalent or avoidant attachment style characterized by fears of abandonment or emotional distance.
Problems with Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy

When basic needs for comfort, protection and nurturance are not reliably met, children do not internalize a model of themselves as worthy or competent (Bowlby, 1988). This can lead to low self-esteem, helplessness, and difficulty regulating emotions as developmental vulnerabilities.
Impaired Social Competence
The early parent-child relationship provides a template for social skills like cooperation, empathy and emotional regulation (Sroufe et al., 2005). Insecure attachments are linked to problems forming friendships, antisocial behavior, and mental health issues like depression later in life (Weinfield et al., 2008).
In summary, disruptions in achieving secure attachment during critical early periods may confer vulnerabilities affecting core domains of functioning across the lifespan. Early intervention is important to help mitigate these risks and promote healthy socioemotional development.
Ainsworth, M. D., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (2015). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Psychology Press.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. Basic books.
Bretherton, I. (1992). The origins of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Developmental psychology, 28(5), 759.
Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. Guilford Publications.
Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2016). Mental representations of attachment security: Theoretical foundation for a positive social psychology. Interpersonal development, 233-266.
Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., Carlson, E. A., & Collins, W. A. (2005). Placing early attachment experiences in developmental context. Attachment from infancy to adulthood: The major longitudinal studies, 48-70.
Weinfield, N. S., Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., & Carlson, E. (2008). Individual differences in infant-caregiver attachment: Conceptual and empirical aspects of security. Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications, 78-101.

Tags: , ,

Homework Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Why choose us?

Every student wants the best grades and that’s our Focus

Top Essay Writers

We carefully choose the most exceptional writers to become part of our team, each with specialized knowledge in particular subject areas and a background in academic research writing.

Affordable Prices

Our service prioritizes recruiting the most talented writers at an affordable cost. We facilitate the lowest possible pricing without compromising the quality of our services. Our costs are student friendly and competitive in comparison to other writing services in the industry.

100% Plagiarism-Free

The service guarantees that our final work is 100% original and plagiarism-free, ensuring this through a thorough scan of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before releasing it to be delivered to our valued customers.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with Nursing Assignment Answers, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.