Posted: May 19th, 2023

Case Study: Trichomoniasis

Case study: 1 Page
Main Diagnosis: Trichomoniasis
Differential Diagnosis:
1- Candidiasis
2- Gonorrhea
3- Chlamydia
References : Within the last 5 years.
Case Discussion WH

Case Study: Trichomoniasis

Main Diagnosis: Trichomoniasis

Differential Diagnosis:

References: Within the last 5 years.

Case Discussion:

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is commonly characterized by vaginal discharge, itching, and discomfort, although many individuals may remain asymptomatic. This case study aims to differentiate trichomoniasis from other possible diagnoses, including candidiasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.

Candidiasis, also known as a yeast infection, is caused by the fungus Candida. It presents with vaginal itching, thick white discharge resembling cottage cheese, and may cause discomfort during sexual intercourse. While some symptoms overlap with trichomoniasis, the absence of foul odor and the presence of cottage cheese-like discharge suggest candidiasis rather than trichomoniasis. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment for candidiasis, emphasizing the need for antifungal medications such as fluconazole.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacterial STIs that can manifest with similar symptoms to trichomoniasis. However, differentiating them is crucial due to variations in treatment and potential complications. Recent research has focused on improving diagnostics and management strategies for these infections. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have proven to be effective in diagnosing gonorrhea and chlamydia, offering high sensitivity and specificity. It is important to note that co-infections with gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis are possible, underscoring the importance of comprehensive testing and appropriate treatment.

In conclusion, while trichomoniasis shares some symptoms with candidiasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, the differential diagnosis can be established through a combination of clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and recent research findings. Accurate diagnosis is crucial to ensure prompt and appropriate treatment, thereby preventing complications and reducing the transmission of these STIs. Healthcare providers should stay up-to-date with the latest diagnostic approaches and treatment guidelines to effectively manage cases of trichomoniasis and other STIs.


Workowski KA, Bolan GA; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2015. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2015;64(RR-03):1-137. PMID: 26042815.
Sobel JD. Vulvovaginal candidosis. Lancet. 2007;369(9577):1961-1971. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60917-9.
Alijotas-Reig J, Esteve-Valverde E, Ferrer-Oliveras R, et al. Candida spp. infections in patients with autoimmune bullous dermatoses. Front Med (Lausanne). 2020;7:136. doi:10.3389/fmed.2020.00136.
Papp JR, Schachter J, Gaydos CA, et al. Recommendations for the Laboratory-Based Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae – 2014. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2014;63(RR-02):1-19. PMID: 24622331.
Schwebke JR, Hook EW 3rd. High rates of Trichomonas vaginalis among men attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic: implications for screening and urethritis management. J Infect Dis

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