Posted: May 12th, 2023

Health Promotion: Prevention of Disease: Module 1 Discussion

Health Promotion: Prevention of Disease: Module 1 Discussion
300 words
At least two scholarly sources from 2019 and above.
Please check the rubric.
Using the paradigms of health, discuss the link between health and behavior. Describes how this relationship affects social determinants of health.
Please make sure to provide citations and references (in APA, 7th ed. format) for your work.
MSN5550 Health Promotion: Prevention of Disease
Discussion Board

Health is a multidimensional concept that encompasses physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being. The paradigms of health are biomedical, behavioral, and socio-environmental. The biomedical paradigm of health emphasizes the absence of disease and illness in the body, whereas the behavioral paradigm focuses on lifestyle choices, including behaviors that promote or detract from health. The socio-environmental paradigm recognizes the social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors that influence health outcomes.

Behavior plays a critical role in health promotion and disease prevention. Health behaviors refer to actions taken by individuals to maintain or improve their health, such as engaging in physical activity, eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, avoiding harmful substances, and practicing safe sex. Health behaviors are influenced by individual factors such as knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and self-efficacy, as well as social and environmental factors, including social support, access to resources, and cultural norms.

The relationship between health and behavior is bidirectional. Unhealthy behaviors can increase the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer, while healthy behaviors can reduce the risk of these diseases. For example, smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer and heart disease, while physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of these diseases. In addition, mental health behaviors such as stress management and social support can have an impact on physical health outcomes.

Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age that affect health outcomes. Health behaviors are one of the social determinants of health, as they can be influenced by social and environmental factors. For example, access to healthy food options, safe places to exercise, and affordable healthcare can facilitate healthy behaviors, while social and economic inequalities can limit access to these resources and promote unhealthy behaviors. Understanding the relationship between health and behavior is essential for promoting health equity and addressing social determinants of health.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Health Behaviors.

World Health Organization. (2021). Social determinants of health.

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